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Traditional braces have been around for a long time, and they’re probably the most recognizable symbol of orthodontics.
These orthodontic workhouses have a long history of successful treatment and are great at correcting many oral issues.
What Are Braces Made of?
The brackets are durable, long lasting, and are typically made from a mix of stainless steel, nickel, and other metals.
Brackets have little hooks or doors where a wire is threaded. A bracket can be secured by closing the door, or by placing an elastic over the top of the wire.
This is what Dr. Frank will use to attach the brackets to your teeth. Although some orthodontists may attach the brackets to a metal band which is then crimped around the tooth to hold it in place, it’s much more common to attach the bracket directly to the tooth with glue (technically, a form of composite bonding material).
If you need more serious treatment, metal bands may be used together with glue to make your braces more stable.
This thin piece of metal runs from one bracket to another. Dr. Frank will change the shape and curvature of the wire in order to move your teeth in the desired direction. Dr. Frank may bend the wire to help push or pull any teeth that are especially stubborn.
In some cases, the wire will attach all of your bottom or upper teeth together, but we might occasionally cut the wire strategically if connecting just a few teeth is better for your treatment plan.
Elastics are essential if you need bite correction. They’re strung between an upper bracket hook and a lower bracket hook. This will pull the upper jaw backward to correct an overbite, or the lower jaw backward to correct an underbite.
We’ll use rubber bands for many different situations, especially when we want to put extra pressure on your teeth or jaws.
These are stainless steel rings that are cemented to your teeth using dental bonding agents. These bands can provide an anchor for your braces and Orthodontic appliances, but they’re not used for everyone.
These small elastic “donuts” or rings can be used to create space in between your teeth when needed, typically before bands are placed. They’re also referred to as separators.
These tiny rubber rings or bands are used to attach the archwire to the brackets. They’re less rigid than spacers and come in dozens of colors.